Education in India, Career in India: Architecture
Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Architecture ? This section features Architecture as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.
The challenge of architecture is to produce and an artistically pleasing design within a given budget.
It is an essential service for all. architects design and supervise the construction of various types of buildings,
keeping in view the primary consideration of stability, utility and beauty. They receive instructions from their client or employer on the type, function, capacity and approximate cost of the building required. They survey and inspect the site of the proposed building and obtain an accurate site plan. They, then prepare a sketch scheme of the floor plans, the elevations, and the perspective drawings. May such schemes may have to be produced before one is finally approved. At the next stage contract documents are drawn up including detailed drawings and specifications and estimates of costs. Necessary documents related to town planning and related aspects are obtained from the local authorities.
Once the contract is awarded to a building contractor the architect has to pay periodic visits to the building site to
supervise the work in progress, issue instructions to the contractor's agent or foreman and to discuss any difficulties that may have come up. Architects, thus, have to do outdoor as well as indoor work. They have also to keep track of developments of new methods and materials, analyze their limitations and potentialities. Architects are also called upon to prepare land surveys, evaluate lands and buildings for insurance, mortgage or transfer purposes. They may give technical advice to plan, improve or beautify landscapes (that is the field of landscape architecture), highways, entire towns, estates, historical monuments, etc.
Good health with good eyesight, keen observation; rational and pragmatic approach, creativity and originality, analytical and mathematic ability, dexterity, (in drawing and sketching) proficiency in geometrical modelling, keen desire to update
knowledge of latest development in structural techniques and materials, good understanding of legal and financial matters, ability to issue clear instructions and explanations to team-mates, clients and contractors, good perception of social and psychological attitudes, and an authoritative personality.
The training period of an architect is five years. Architecture is taught through diploma or degree courses in the different colleges/schools of architecture throughout the country. Admission to the architecture courses is on the basis of an admission test to evaluate a candidate's aptitude in physics, chemistry and mathematics as well proficiency in drawing. The minimum educational qualification to appear for this admission test is successful completion of plus two or equivalent level of education. Selection to the Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) programme is based on performance in the admission test, merit at Class XII examinations, participation in co-curricular activities and interview. Most of the courses prefer applications in the age group of 16-21 years.
Subjects in the architecture course include history of architecture, practical mathematics, design and construction, town
planning, economics, some sociology, environmental science, and professional practice. Computers are an important part of the training in architecture.
Further specialization in this field can be in industrial design, urban design, landscape architecture, town planning/ urban planning, environmental planning, building engineering and management, transport planning, etc. These courses are open to B.Arch. degree/diploma holders.
Please click here for the list of the Architecture Institutes in India.
Architects can work in different settings: in private practice, in the town planning departments of local authorities
(municipalities, corporations, housing boards), in government departments (public works), railways, defense, insurance
companies, or in a firm of architects or builders with a continuous programme of buildings or maintenance work.
In a private practice an architect's client may be an individual, a firm, or a local body. Usually architects who are in
private practice specialize in one kind of building - houses, apartment blocks, schools, offices etc.
While working for a local body an architect's work involves a wide variety of buildings - schools, swimming pools, clinics, houses, stadiums, etc.
Architects are in great demand with increasing urbanization, industrialization and the increased need for accommodation of all types. Emoluments depend on the type of employment opportunity taken up. Private consultancy in architecture can fetch the highest returns. In a developing economy challenging openings for architects will continue to increase with more emphasis on various types of specialization such as environmental planning, landscape architecture and interior design.