Education in India, Career in India: Dairy Technology And Science
Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Dairy Technology And Science ? This section features Dairy Technology And Science as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.
Dairying plays a dynamic role in India's agro-based economy. A decade ago only 5% of the milk produced came into the dairies. Today it is 15%, and this figure will keep increasing. Today India ranks second only to the US in terms of milk production.
Dairy Technology deals with all methods of handling milk from production and consumption and includes processing, packaging, storage, transport and physical distribution. Based on the sciences of biochemistry, bacteriology, and nutrition, Dairy Technology employs the principles of engineering. Its objectives are to prevent spoilage, improve quality, increase shelf-life, and make milk palatable and safe for human consumption.
Dairy Farming has grown from this largely unorganized - if complex - activity, into a vast organized industry, that encompasses not only increased production of milk and milk products , but also the breeding of higher yielding cattle, and the scientific rearing of cattle and production of cattle feeds. This has proportionately increased the demand for trained manpower in this sector.
Dairy Technologists apply principles of bacteriology, chemistry, physics, engineering and economics to develop utilization of milk, cheese and other dairy products.
Dairy Scientists study the physiology of reproduction and lactation, carry out breeding programmes to improve dairy breeds. They carry out experiments to determine effects of different kinds of feed and environmental conditions on quantity, quality and nutritive value of milk produced. They research breeding, feeding and management of dairy cattle.
The work of Dairy Technologists/Scientists is of a scientific nature and hence those who plan to be in this field should have an academic interest in newer methods and improvements is an essential prerequisite as dairy scientists/technologists must update their knowledge continuously. Patience and perseverance to wait for and achieve the required results are useful attributes for a career in dairying. Common sense and power of observation, interest in theoretical and practical applications of principles and techniques are helpful traits. Those who plan to go in for research should be able to work for long hours on their own and at the same time should be cohesive members of the research team.
After successful graduation students can opt for further studies and specialization in the Masterís degree programme there is scope for specialization in dairy microbiology, dairy chemistry, dairy technology , dairy engineering, animal genetics and breeding, physiology, biochemistry, dairy economics, dairy extension education, animal biotechnology and allied fields.
Admission to Masterís degree programmes in dairying is open not just to Bachelorís degree holders in Dairy Technology/Science but is also to graduates in Pure Sciences/Agriculture/Veterinary Science/Animal Sciences/Food Technology/Engineering/Home Science with aggregates above 55% (preferred 60% and above). Expect a competitive written examination too in most cases. Those who wish pursue Ph.D in one of the fields of specialization mentioned above, must have secured above 55% to 60% at the Masterís level and be prepared for a competitive written examination and/or interview.
The training programmes are available at certain specialized institutes such as the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal; Sheth M.C. College of Dairy Science as well as in some of the agricultural universities. Apart from the four-year degree programme in Dairy Science Technology, the Indian Dairy Diploma in Dairy Technology/Husbandary is offered as a two-year programme by the Dairy Science Institute, Mumbai and its regional centers at Bangalore, Nadia district (West Bengal) and Allahabad. Eligibility for admission is the same as for the four-year graduate programme.
Graduates in Dairy Technology/Veterinary Science/Agriculture or any related field are also eligible to join the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and Lucknow for a Post-graduate programme in Agri-Business Management.
The Post-graduate programme in Rural Management offered by the Institute of Rural Manager (IRMA), which seeks to equip personnel to manage modern processing units and market consumer goods for producer cooperatives, is popular with Dairy Science/Technology graduates.
Please click here for the list of the Dairy Technology And Science Institutes in India.
The dairy industry has an increasing number of entrepreneurs who are eager to carve a niche for themselves by selling branded milk and value added milk products. The abundant supply of milk and value added milk products. The abundant supply of the relevant raw material Ė milk is one reason for the prospects of the Indian dairy industry. Indian milk production is the biggest asset. The increase in production has been fuelled by better prices offered to farmers by new private companies coupled with the adoption of new technology for production and distribution.
The role of the organized sector is steadily growing in milk production as in processed milk. Dairy Technologists/Scientists/Managers find placements in public sector organizations such as the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), Dairy Cooperative Societies and Dairy Plants manufacturing milk products in different states.
There are now more than 400 dairy plants in the country making various types of milk products. They need good qualified and well trained personnel to run the plants efficiently. The growth of the dairy processing industry has also encouraged the indigenisation of dairy equipment. Most requirements of the dairy industry are now met indigenously. Presently, there are over 170 dairy equipment manufacturers. The industry has two distinct kinds of jobs: (1) equipment design and fabrication and plant design; and (2) project execution. These jobs can be performed by a dairy technologist with an aptitude in engineering.
The dairy technologists can also undertake consultancy work. A successful consultant, however, needs several years of working experience in dairy firms to understand the nitty gritty of the work. Besides opportunities for teaching and research, dairy technologists can start their own enterprises such as small-scale milk plants, creamery, ice-cream units. Dairy India.