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Education in India, Career in India: Forestry and Forest Services

Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Forestry and Forest services ? This section features Forestry and Forest services as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

Forestry is an important and interesting subject of study. Forests form part of the vital natural resources of a country. From time immemorial forest resources have been a source of human sustenance. They are home to the most amazing herbs, medicinal compounds, natural cosmetics etc. Forestry and Wild Life go together since forests serve as home for wildlife.

Forest wealth also contributes significantly to the economy of the country. Specially trained personnel are therefore needed to maintain and regenerate the forest cover, forest wealth and resources. This involves the services of forestry specialists, forestry management experts and forest officers.

Forestry involves protection of forests and farming of trees to ensure contributing timber supply. Forester takes care of forest resources by protecting them from fire, pests, disease, encroachment and indiscriminate felling of trees.

Personality Traits

Liking for outdoors, spirit of adventure, good health, stamina and physical fitness, patience, scientific temperament, organizing ability, public relations skills, practicality, courage, decision-making ability, capacity to work long hours, a genuine interest in the preservation of the natural environment and habitat, inclination for research and academic bent of mind, curiosity, excellent skills of observation, interest in agriculture and geography.


Forestry can be taken up for academic study in the form of a bachelor's degree programme (B.Sc (Forestry)), a 3- or 4-year degree course at about a dozen universities in the country. The minimum qualification require to join the B.Sc. (Forestry) course is a pass in plus two or equivalent examination with science or agriculture as the group of subjects. The course may be followed up with the 2-year M.Sc. in Forestry.PGDFM is a field based course which combines managerial qualities concordant with the demands made by the forestry sector.

Courses in Forestry and Forest Services are

  • B.Sc Forestry
  • M.Sc Forestry
  • B.Sc Wildlife
  • M.Sc Wildlife
  • M.Sc Wood Science and Tech.


Various courses in forestry are available, at the graduate, postgraduate and diploma level, as well as at the Ph.D. level.

Those with Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the intermediate level can go for B.Sc Forestry course. Further the masters level offers specialisation in subjects like Forest Management, Commercial Forestry, Forest Economics, Wood Science and Technology, Wildlife Science, Veterinary Science etc. The Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), Nehru Nagar, Bhopal offers a study programme in Forest Management. There are also opportunities for doing Ph.D in Forestry at the recognised centres. Those with Bachelors degree in related subjects can appear for Indian Forest Service exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission.


Placements And Prospects

Foresters can take up work either in offices, laboratories or outdoors depending on their field of specialisation. Employment opportunities exist with

  1. Governmental, non-governmental organisations interested in preservation of forest resources
  2. Corporates having own plantations for timbering
  3. Industries that utilise forest resources employ industrial and agricultural consultants
  4. Indian Council Of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) and its affiliated Forestry research institutes such as Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, Institute of Social Forestry and Eco-rehabilitation, Allahabad etc.
  5. Wildlife Research Institutes in Dehra Dun, Coimbatore etc.
  6. Zoological Parks
  7. Wildlife Ranges
  8. Education sector as tutors

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