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Education in India, Career in India: Mental Retardation

Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Mental Retardation ? This section features Mental Retardation as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

Human beings whose mental developement has been arrested either before birth or at an early age are categorised as mentally handicapped. Such individuals cannot overcome their handicap by themselves and need the help of trained people to make their lives worthwhile and productive.

As compared to normal children, mentally retarded children have significant developement delay and lag behind in cognitive, linuistic, social and occasionally motor functions as well. Depending on the extent of their handicap mentally retarded persons are cared for in special homes. They study in special schools and vocational training centres where specially trained personnel help them develope their resourses to the optimum so that they may lead productive lives.

Mental retardation or impairment is a complex and challenging problem and those who are trained to help its victims have to be dedicated and sincere. They should have a giving nature and should be able to enjoy the nature of the responsibility. The work does not involve much physical hard work except when dealing with those who have problems with motor functions as well. The emotional demands on those who work with mentally retarded persons are high and they have to constantly think of new approaches to be able to make headway.

In every centre which deals with the mentally retarded persons, there are various specialists such as psyclogists, doctors, nurses, and social workers, all of whome work towards common goals - ensuring the well-being of, and providing a useful life to, the mentally handicapped.

Degree or Diploma holders in mental retardation are trained to deal with the mentally handicapped and they knowhow diffcult, yet satisfying it can be. Mentally retarded people respond very positively to love and affection and when one can get the slightest response from them, the satisfaction one gets is immense. Working conditions are relaxed and friendly and everyone working with these special people is very optimistic.

Personality Traits

They should have an affectionate nature, patience, kindness, gentleness, genuine concern without losing objectivity, a practical approach and an encouraging and positive attitude are the must-have traits for those who are planning to work with the mentally retarded.


Courses in the field of Mental retardation:

  • Diploma in Special Education(Mental Retardation-DSE(MR)
  • Diploma in Vocational Training and Employment(Mental Retardation)-D.V.T.E.(MR)
  • Diploma Course in Early Childhood Spacial Education(DECSE-MR)
  • Bachelore's Degree in Rehabilitations Service(Therapeutics)-BRT Therapeutics
  • B.Ed. Spacial Education(Mental Retardation)
  • P.G. diploma in Early Intervention-PGDEI
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Special Education(Mental Retardation)-PGDSE(MR)


Please click here for the list of the Mental Retardation Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects

They find placement in regular pre-schools, institutes, vocational education or rehabilitation centres. Special schools, integrated schools or special classes in regular schools and special eucation programming in community bases settings employ special educators to work with children with mental retardation in different settings. Such institutions may be run by the government or missionaries. They have scope of working in paediatric units of hospitals, paediatrics clinics, child guidence clinics, child developement centres, rural primary health centres and distinct health centres.

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