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Career in India        

Education in India, Career in India: Teaching

Looking for a Career Options in the Field of Teaching ? This section features Teaching as a career options, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

As this field is so vast having areas of specialisations, different skills and type of training are required for different levels. Areas of specialisation include teaching at nursery schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges, universities, institutes, special schools etc. Each level calls for a different expertise. If you love to be with children, teaching at schools would be a good option, but if you want to be with young adults, it is better to look at the college or university level. Good teachers can bring out the best in every student.

They are the ones who make a difference in the lives of their students. Rousing students from their apathy and watching their curiosity grow is one of the biggest rewards of teaching.

The trick in being a popular teacher the kind starry eyed kids in school follow around with adoration writ large on their faces, and in college, seek out for advice, guidance and some simple hand-holding is identifying yourself with the students. They are the most loved of teachers who climb down from the high perch of authority that their job automatically places them on, and see things from the students' perspective. And those who are aware of the power to shape lives that has been vested in them, and use it responsibly.

Teaching is a highly noble profession, most suited one especially for women. Teachers are always a boon to society. Through their intelligence, patience and wisdom, they attempt to not only hone the learner's intellect and aptitude but also, create a well-rounded personality. Teaching has an influence in developing ones mind and character and also gives the satisfaction of having sparked the light of knowledge and dispelled the clouds of ignorance.

Personality Traits

This profession requires dedication, perseverance and patience. Knowledge of the subject one is teaching as well as a rich experience in co-curriculars; keenness to take on responsibility; tact; patience and the ability to get along with all kinds of people are essential.

Main reason for opting this career could be interest in the subject, secure professional career and regular annual vacations. It can also be a second career for those who have retired from professional services.

You need to have a blend of mind, patience, confidence, liking for and an understanding of children which is a must. You must have organizing capacity, friendly and helpful nature to enter into this field. Teacher should have the ability to communicate well, to create a liking in young minds even in the case of most boring subjects. She/he should have a deep passion for the subject one handles. Must encourage in students the ability to analyse and think. A teacher must always remember that apart from teaching, it is he/she who shapes a child's character. Teacher has to be a friend, philosopher and guide to his wards.


Courses in Teaching:

  1. Pre-primary:

    Most polytechnics and vocational training centres conduct training for pre-school teachers. The preferred eligibility is Class XII with 50% aggregate. Personal attributes are, however, more important. There are montessori teacher training schools which are privately owned in some large cities.

  2. Primary teacher training:

    Teachers with diplomas in education / Bachelors in education teach the primary classes. Graduates of Home Science also serve as primary teachers

  3. Secondary and senior secondary teachers:

    Teachers having B Ed Degrees after graduation are called Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs), after postgraduation they are called postgraduate trained teachers (PGTs). This training is imparted in teacher's training colleges.

  4. Some universities offer these courses through correspondence:

    For inservice teachers to get trained. There are contact programmes for giving practical orientation. In 1996, the National council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has regulated the training of teachers. Correspondence/distance education courses are meant for teachers who are currently working.

  5. Lecturers:

    College lecturers require a good academic record with at least 55% or an equivalent grade at master's degree level in the relevant subject from an Indian University or a foreign University. The eligibility test for lecturers, National Eligibility Test (NET), is conducted by UGC, CSIR or similar tests accredited by the UGC. The State level test SLET is for appointments within the state. The promotion is based on performance, duration of service, and research publications.

  6. Nursery teachers:

    Training of 1-2 years at Polytechnics/ Vocational Training Institutes.

  7. After Graduation:

    (Any school subject), a Bachelors in Education (B Ed) for TGT Grade Jobs

  8. After Postgraduation:

    (Any school subject), B Ed for PGT grade jobs.

  9. After Postgraduation / M.Phil:

    Take the NET/ SLET Exam for College Teaching


Please click here for the list of the Teaching Institutes in India.

Placements And Prospects

Besides school and college teaching, teachers write course books, work as distance education tutors, conduct tutorial classes and serve as examiners.

prospects in Teaching:

  1. Play schools
  2. Nursery schools
  3. Primary/elementary schools
  4. Secondary schools
  5. Colleges
  6. Universities
  7. Educational research institutes
  8. Special schools
  9. Self employment by starting institutes/tutorials


  1. Nursery / Primary Schools: Nursery and primary school teachers have a huge responsibility in the sense that, it is what children learn and experience during their early years that shape their views and affect success or failures later in their lives. Thus teachers play a vital role in the social and intellectual development of children. They introduce children to numbers, language, science, social studies as well social interactions. Here games, music, artwork, computers and other tools are used to teach basic skills. While kindergarten teachers deal with children of 3 to 5 years, primary school teachers deal with those of 6 to 12 years.
  2. Secondary Schools: The secondary school teachers instruct students from 8th to 12th standard. Usually they deal with one particular subject in which they specialise. Good base in the subject is a must.
  3. Colleges/Universities: In universities or colleges there are lecturers and professors who specialise in a particular field. They give lectures, guidance and help the students in their academic and research work. Those who have organising ability have a further scope to become a principal, vice-chancellor in the management level.
  4. Special schools: A challenging area in the field of teaching is that of dealing with children having physical and mental handicap and learning disabilities. The work is emotionally and physically demanding which needs a lot of patience. They have to work in close association with parents and medical professionals like speech therapist, physiotherapist etc. It is different from the normal teaching norms as each child needs special care depending on his/her disability.

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