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Education in India, Career in India: Veterinary Science


Looking for a Career Options in the Field of Veterinary Science ? This section features Veterinary Science as a career options, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.

Veterinary science offers a large number of avenues of work. Besides regular practice, vets can also take up research work, either on their own or in association with the government. Opportunities also abound in livestock management.

Being a vet does not only mean being fond of animals; it also means the ability to empathise with their needs, to be be able to locate their specific problems, and communicate to them the fact that you are trying to help them. Building and maintaining a special bond between yourself and the animal you are going to treat is very important, as animals are unfailingly sensitive towards the people who deal with them (or people they have to deal with, whichever way you prefer to look at it!). An inherent respect for them is as important as being sympathetic towards their suffering. They do not like condescension any more than you do or I do, believe me!

Here we have complete and comprehensive information on veterinary science as a career. From how to go about making a career in this field to institutes offering courses, we tell you all. All that's left for you to do is follow it, and there, you might be another Dr Doolittle in the making!


Personality Traits


Do you fight for the cause of the neighbourhood mongrels? Do you feed them scraps of leftovers and act as a referee in their fights amongst themselves? Were you always the one to pick up injured pigeons and keep them well-fed and warm till they recovered? If you were the one to do all, or any of these, you might have it in you to be a vet, so it's time you gave it a serious thought!

A good vet is one who, besides being genuinely fond of animals, can also empathise with their needs, and has an insight into their psychology. For veterinary surgeons, having dextrous hands that can locate and alleviate pain is a must.


Courses/Training


Courses in Veterinary Science are:

  1. After Class XII ( PCB), B V Sc (Bachelors in Veterinary Science) can be pursued.
  2. After Class XII ( PCM) B. Tech dairy technology and dairy engineering.
  3. The course is of four and a half years duration and a year's practical internship is compulsory.
  4. Graduates in Veterinary Science can pursue M.V.Sc. through an All India competitive examination.
  5. Graduates in Veterinary science can also appear for Postgraduate course in Biotechnology


Institutions


Please click here for the list of the Veterinary Science Institutes in India.


Placements And Prospects


Placements:

  1. The veterinarian's job of treating animals involves:

    1. Investigation, diagnosis and treatment of injuries and ailments in animals.

    2. Advising for management of livestock.

    3. Determining the course of treatment and attending to all cases including surgical cases.

    4. Prevention and control of disease in animals, inoculating and vaccinating reared animals/poultry periodically against epidemics, implementation of livestock breeding and nurturance programmes.

    5. Veterinary surgeons specialise in the conduct of operation on animals needing surgical treatment. They are trained for conducting castration, artificial insemination and treatment of infertility for better and controlled breed.

    6. Veterinary surgeons conduct post-mortem of dead animals to determine the cause of death.

    7. In research, veterinarians work in laboratories on subjects such as

    8. pathology, bacteriology, genetics, physiology, anatomy etc. They conduct innovative research of biological products, food, pharmaceutical products and also work in animal genetics and breeding.

    9. They are also employed in colleges for teaching purposes.
      1. Investigation, diagnosis and treatment of injuries and ailments in animals.
      2. Advising for management of livestock.
      3. Determining the course of treatment and attending to all cases including surgical cases.
      4. Prevention and control of disease in animals, inoculating and vaccinating reared animals/poultry periodically against epidemics, implementation of livestock breeding and nurturance programmes.
      5. Veterinary surgeons specialise in the conduct of operation on animals needing surgical treatment. They are trained for conducting castration, artificial insemination and treatment of infertility for better and controlled breed.
      6. Veterinary surgeons conduct post-mortem of dead animals to determine the cause of death.
      7. In research, veterinarians work in laboratories on subjects such as
      8. pathology, bacteriology, genetics, physiology, anatomy etc. They conduct innovative research of biological products, food, pharmaceutical products and also work in animal genetics and breeding.
      9. They are also employed in colleges for teaching purposes.

    10. Animal Geneticists:

      1. Conduct research in animal genetics
      2. Deal with problems concerning evolution of new breeds

        1. Conduct research in animal genetics
        2. Deal with problems concerning evolution of new breeds
        3. Are involved in rearing of livestock, genetic control of disease, artificial insemination, sterilisation etc.

        4. Study inherent traits of animals and conduct analytical studies for

        5. Study inherent traits of animals and conduct analytical studies for
        6. Trace the genesis of these in environment, food, colour, growth, maturity, sterility,disease etc.
        7. Select animals for cross breeding to improve the quality of the race.

      Prospects:

      Several veterinary scientists are engaged in research and academics. Veterinarians work in pharmaceutical firms and in biomedical research , in the research and development of drugs chemicals and bioproducts particularly antibiotics and vaccines both for human and animal use. They also work in technical sales, agribusiness, marketing, petfood manufacturing industries and in management of industries dealing with animal feed, animal products, milk and meat products processing industries etc. Pharmaceutical industries appoint veterinary scientists in their research and development divisions. Wildlife sanctuaries and zoological parks as well as aviaries need veterinarians.

      Veterinary scientists work both in the rural and urban setting. Dairy farms, stud farms, poultry farms and agriculturists, employ veterinary scientists for the care of animals. Veterinarians can choose to work with the government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics. The Army and the Border Security Forces also employ veterinarians for the care and treatment of their mounted regiments which have horses, mules, camels and dogs.



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