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Education in India, Career in India: Environmental Science

Environmental Science: The Profession
The efforts towards clean air, water protection, noise abatement, waste management, pollution control and the like requires new goods and services, creating many more fresh jobs. Environmental science as a profession promises tremendous employment opportunities. Environmental science is a composite of both natural and social sciences. Resource management and resource technology are also significant features of environmental science. Opportunities in this field are immernse. Not only for environmental scientists but also for environmental engineers, environmental biologists, environmental modellers and envionmental journalists.

Area Of Work

Environmental science is a broad term, incorporating various different activites. In can be applied in the following fields:

  • Industry
  • Research and Development
  • Social Development
  • Environmental Journalism
  • Environmental Modelling

Work of Environmental Scientist
An environmental scientist's job is to utilize the knowledge of various principles and concepts of science and engineering disciplines, in order to protect and preserve the environment. Environmental scientists also conduct research studies in order to develop theories or methods of abating and controlling the sources of envionmental pollution.

So the major tasks performed by environmental scientists consists mainly of proactive and research-oriented work. It may involves tasks like:

  • Administrative Tasks
  • Advisory Tasks
  • Protective Tasks


Environmental science is generally taugh as an MSc. programme and therefore a bachelor's degree in any discipline of science is an essentail prerequisite. However there are few institutions which offer envionmental subjects at the BSc. level.


Placements And Prospects

Career opportunities in this field are immense today. The horizons in this field are widening in India as well as abroad.

Waste treatment industries, refineries, distilleries, mines, fertilizer plants, food processing industries and textile mills employ environmental scientists. NGOs are growing, both in numbers and in strength. there is greate scope in these organizations. The growing concern over environmental protection has also made the industry more concious or ensuring that industrial waste and other industrial materials are not hazardous to the environment, hence creating more jobs environtal science.


Depending on the qualification and the area of work, levels of remuneration also varies. In NGSs and other social organizations, the starting salary vary between Rs 5,000 to Rs 10,000 per month. In private industries, the starting salaries range from Rs. 7,000 to Rs 13,000 per month. Salaries are similar in research field.

Careers Related to Environmental Science

  • Forest Management
  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering


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